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Kavath / कवठ / Wood Apple / Limonia acidissima L.

Local Name: Kavath / कवठ

Common Name: Wood Apple

Botanical Name: Limonia acidissima L.

Kavath / कवठ / Wood Apple / Limonia acidissima L.

Status & Habitat

  • Habitat: Tree

  • Occurrence: Light soils

  • Season of Availability: Summer and rainy seasons

  • Geography: India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka

  • Method of Propagation: Seed propagation

  • Part used for Propagation: Seeds

Edible Parts

  • Edible Parts: Fruits

  • Can be Eaten Raw: Yes

Method of Consumption

  • Raw: Yes

  • Ripe: Yes

  • Both Raw & Ripe:

  • Dangerous Form to Consume: N/A

  • As Food: Fruit is juiced or made into pickle.

  • As Medicine: Juice helps improve appetite and cough.

  • Cooking Without Prior Boiling: N/A

  • Boiling Before Cooking: N/A

  • Pickling: Yes, Fruits

  • Brining: N/A

  • Fermenting: N/A

  • Drying for later Consumption: N/A

  • Overall Method: Fruit is juiced or made into pickle.

Nutritional & Medicinal Benefits

  • Nutritional Benefit: Antioxidant and anti-cancer properties.

  • Medicinal Benefit: Helps improve appetite and cough; helps heal wounds.

Tribal Wisdom

  • Tribal Wisdom: Juice of unripe fruit helps improve appetite; juice of flower helps with cough; paste of roots applied to wounds to help healing.


  • Tribal Recipe: Wood apple juice: Break the wood apple shell, extract pulp into a drainer. Add room temperature water gradually, separate seeds. Mix pulp with coconut milk, salt, and sugar.