Kudi / Kod / Kudwa / कुडी / कोड / कुडवा / Indrajao / Holarrhena pubescens

Local Name: Kudi / Kod / Kudwa / कुडी / कोड / कुडवा

Common Name: Indrajao

Botanical Name: Holarrhena pubescens

Status & Habitat

  • Habitat: Shrub

  • Occurrence: Dry evergreen to dry deciduous forest, scrub woodland, savannah, or in rocky localities, often near watercourses, at elevations up to 1,500 metres.

  • Season of Availability: Year-round

  • Geography: Central and southern Africa, the Indian Subcontinent, Indochina, and parts of China

  • Method of Propagation: Seed propagation

  • Part used for Propagation: Seeds

Edible Parts

  • Edible Parts: Flowers

  • Can be Eaten Raw: Fruits, yes.

Method of Consumption

  • Raw: Yes, Fruits

  • Ripe: No

  • Both Raw & Ripe: No

  • Dangerous Form to Consume: Raw rest of plant

  • As Food: Leaves are cooked as a vegetable; fruits are eaten raw.

  • As Medicine: Bark has antidiarrheal properties.

  • Cooking Without Prior Boiling: Not required

  • Boiling Before Cooking: Not required

  • Pickling: N/A

  • Brining: N/A

  • Fermenting: N/A

  • Drying for later Consumption: N/A

  • Overall Method: Not typically eaten aside from raw fruits; used mainly for medicinal purposes.

Nutritional & Medicinal Benefits

  • Nutritional Benefit: Contains vitamin C.

  • Medicinal Benefit: Aids digestive and diarrhea issues

Tribal Wisdom

  • Tribal Wisdom: Bark has antidiarrheal properties.


  • Tribal Recipe: Bark is taken with cow milk in case of urinary problems.