Suran / सुरण / Elephant Foot Yam / Amorphophallus paeoniifolius (Dennst.) Nicolson

Local Name: Suran / सुरण

Common Name: Elephant Foot Yam

Botanical Name: Amorphophallus paeoniifolius (Dennst.) Nicolson

Status & Habitat

  • Status: Common. Cultivable

  • Habitat: Herb

  • Occurrence: Farm bunds, Forests

  • Season of Availability: Year-round, best in the sun.

  • Geography: Island Southeast Asia

  • Method of Propagation: Vegetative propagation

  • Part used for Propagation: Corms

Edible Parts

  • Edible Parts: Tubers

  • Can be Eaten Raw: No

Method of Consumption

  • Raw: No

  • Ripe: N/A

  • Both Raw & Ripe: No

  • Dangerous Form to Consume: When raw

  • As Food: Boiled and/or cooked as a vegetable in sabjis or pickles.

  • As Medicine: Tuber made into a paste with ghee and applied to swelling; juice is taken to treat piles.

  • Cooking Without Prior Boiling: No

  • Boiling Before Cooking: Yes

  • Pickling: N/A

  • Brining: N/A

  • Fermenting: N/A

  • Drying for later Consumption: Yes, Tuber

  • Overall Method: Can be made into a stir fry when shallow-fried with spices; can be cooked into a curry; can be mashed; can be pickled.

Nutritional & Medicinal Benefits

  • Nutritional Benefit: High in carbohydrates, phosphorus, calcium, and vitamin A.

  • Medicinal Benefit: Tuber is used to cure piles, dysentry, liver and spleen ailments, and haemorrhoides. Root is used to cure conjunctivitis and increase sparse menstrual flow.

Tribal Wisdom

  • Tribal Wisdom: Tuber made into a paste with ghee and applied to swelling; juice is taken to treat piles.


  • Tribal Recipe: Kanda bachali:
    Heat oil in a pan . Add urad dal, channa dal, mustard seeds, cumin seeds, and red chillies.
    Add hing, stir, and then add ginger, green chillies, and curry leaves.
    Wash and chop Malabar Spinach leaves, and add them to the pan.
    Add washed and cut Elephant's Foot Yam pieces to the pan. Add turmeric, salt, cover, and cook on low flame.
    Add tamarind juice and a little bit of water. Mash the mixture with a ladle.