Tembhurni / टेम्भूर्णी / East Indian Ebony / Diospyros melanoxylon Roxb.

Local Name: Tembhurni / टेम्भूर्णी

Common Name: East Indian Ebony

Botanical Name: Diospyros melanoxylon Roxb.

Status & Habitat

  • Habitat: Tree

  • Occurrence: Forests, Farm bunds, Hilly areas, Barren land

  • Season of Availability: Year-round

  • Geography: India and Sri Lanka

  • Method of Propagation: Seed propagation

  • Part used for Propagation: Seeds

Edible Parts

  • Edible Parts: Fruits

  • Can be Eaten Raw: Yes

Method of Consumption

  • Raw: Yes

  • Ripe: Yes

  • Both Raw & Ripe: Yes

  • Dangerous Form to Consume: N/A

  • As Food: Ripe fruits are eaten raw

  • As Medicine: Ripe fruits are eaten to gain energy for longer duration. Fruit extract is also used for fistula and used aas a skincare agent.

  • Cooking Without Prior Boiling: No

  • Boiling Before Cooking: No

  • Pickling: N/A

  • Brining: N/A

  • Fermenting: Yes, Wine from fruits

  • Drying for later Consumption: N/A

  • Overall Method: Fruits can be eaten raw (only the fruit is edible).

Nutritional & Medicinal Benefits

  • Nutritional Benefit: High in flavonoids and vitamin C.

  • Medicinal Benefit: Energy-giving fruit. Diuretic, Digestion and abdominal ailments, skin diseases, urinary tract ailments, helps treat diarrhea and constipation. Leaves are used in the treatment of scabies and old wounds

Tribal Wisdom

  • Tribal Wisdom: Leaves can be used to treat old wounds and as a laxative.


  • Tribal Recipe: Tendu fruit wine:
    - Crush fruit pulp with water in a 1:1 ratio.
    - Inoculate with starter culture
    - Ferment for 28 days

More Description

In the past, the black trunk was used to make the black keys of the piano